Конкретный пример структурного мониторинга: Ресензисы

Предоставление самого энергоэффективного в мире беспроводного решения для мониторинга с помощью электролитических датчиков наклона Фредерика

Введение

There are over 612,000 bridges in the United States and as of February 2017, almost 10% of them need to be repaired or replaced according to The American Road and Transportation Builders Association. That means that there are currently over 55,000 bridges that require real-time monitoring in order to avoid a catastrophe like the 2007 bridge collapse in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Что такое "Resensys"?

Компания Resensys предлагает экономичные и масштабируемые решения для оценки структурной устойчивости этих и других автодорожных мостов, чтобы можно было определить структурные проблемы и спланировать необходимое техническое обслуживание и ремонт для обеспечения безопасности и долговечности моста.

Их беспроводное структурное решение для мониторинга здоровья SenSpot™ предназначено для существующих и строящихся мостов и имеет небольшие, недорогие, легко устанавливаемые беспроводные датчики, которые измеряют различные переменные, влияющие на производительность моста.

Компания Resensys, родившаяся в результате исследований, проведенных Президентом и главным техническим директором доктором Мехди Хандани в Университете Мэриленда, является лидером в области геоструктурного мониторинга в реальном времени и предлагает самую прочную беспроводную систему мониторинга мостов с минимальным ожидаемым сроком службы 10 лет. Для получения дополнительной информации посетите сайт http://www.resensys.com.

The Challenge

Несмотря на то, что на рынке существуют и другие датчики для мониторинга инфраструктуры, устройство Resensys отличается сверхнизким энергопотреблением, потребляя всего около 4 микроватт, что примерно в 100 миллионов раз меньше, чем обычная лампочка. Это означает, что минимальный срок службы датчика SenSpot составляет 10 лет при использовании только небольшой батареи ½ АА.

Чтобы предложить такую эффективную и точную систему мониторинга, компании Resensys необходимо было найти датчик наклона с разрешением до одной тысячной доли градуса при низком энергопотреблении, долговечности и сроке службы изделия не менее 10 лет.

Решение 

Dr. Khandani and his team thoroughly evaluated a variety of MEMS and other electrolytic tilt sensors and concluded that the Fredericks Single-Axis Narrow-Range Electrolytic Tilt Sensor (PN 0703-0711-99) significantly outperformed competing products in terms of long term repeatability and resolution.

“Qualitatively, Fredericks’ devices were an order of magnitude better than both MEMS and competing electrolytic sensors,” says Dr. Khandani. “In our application, repeatability is very important and none of the competing products did as great as Fredericks products did.”

Результаты 

With the help of Fredericks’ electrolytic tilt sensors, Resensys is able to offer the world’s most energy-efficient wireless monitoring solution that helps keep travelers safe with around 5,000 SenSpot™ tilt units in use in the US and around the world.

“Our decision to use Fredericks products was driven by the excellent accuracy and durability of their tilt sensors,” Dr. Khandani adds. “Such long term and high-quality measurements help capture the smallest movement and instability on critical bridge components.”

SenSpot™ в действии: Мост через реку Патапско

In the Spring of 2014, cracks were spotted in the girders and piers of the I-70 Patapsco River Bridge near Baltimore, Maryland. Engineers found that non-responsive bearings had caused damage to piers and steel girders of the bridge, which led to its closure in June 2014.

Repairs were made, retrofits were applied, and a SenSpot™ monitoring system was installed in July 2014 to detect any further changes. More than 40 SenSpot™ units were mounted on the bridge, including 12 tilt sensors located on the bridge’s rocker bearings to monitor the movement pattern and detect non-responsiveness or over-responsiveness. In addition, six high-resolution tilt sensors were mounted on the bridge’s piers to monitor the deflection and rotation of the bridge rocker bearings caused by cold temperatures.

Early results from August to November 2014 found that the bearings on two piers were non-responsive to temperature changes and an additional bearing saw only 20% of expected movement. Data collected through Spring 2015, however, showed that the bearings had an unprecedented response to the robust retrofits (combined with especially cold winter), and by March 2015 all piers and respective bearings were fully responsive.

 

Prior to February 2015, the bearings and retrofits weren’t responding properly to changes in temperature, but by mid-Spring, they proved to be fully responsive and have seen continued success in the years since.

 

Dr. Khandani notes, “After more than four years of continuous monitoring, we are pleased that the Fredericks devices used in SenSpot™ sensors produce very consistent, repeatable, and high-quality measurements of tilt and inclination at sub-arc-second resolution.”

Before alerting the Maryland State Highway Administration, the Resensys team worked with engineers at Fredericks to confirm the data. At Fredericks, we take a partnership approach to our relationships with customers, and customer satisfaction is a priority. We have dedicated representatives and engineers committed to providing highly responsive service, and our customers have anytime-access to our leadership team, made possible in part by our “not too big, not too small” operation.